Vitreous floaters are tiny spots or specks that drift around in your field of vision. They are caused by tiny clumps of gel or cells inside the vitreous, which is the gel-like substance that fills the eye between the lens and the retina. These floaters cast shadows on the retina, which you perceive as spots or strings moving in your vision.

  • Appearance: Floaters can appear as black or gray dots, squiggly lines, cobwebs, or other shapes.
  • Movement: They often move as your eyes move and seem to dart away when you try to look directly at them.
  • Frequency: Floaters are quite common and usually harmless. Many people experience them at some point in their lives.
  • Causes: Floaters can develop as part of the natural aging process when the vitreous gel starts to shrink or becomes more liquefied. Other causes include eye injuries, inflammation in the eye, or retinal tears.


  1. Observation: In many cases, no treatment is necessary. Your brain can adapt to ignore the floaters over time, and they may become less noticeable.
  2. Medication: Vitreous Health


  • Regular Eye Exams: Visit your eye doctor regularly for comprehensive eye exams to monitor any changes in your eye health.
  • Immediate Attention: If you suddenly notice a significant increase in floaters, accompanied by flashes of light or a loss of peripheral vision, seek immediate medical attention. These could be signs of a retinal tear or detachment, which require prompt treatment to prevent vision loss.

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